How Does a Well Work? And What Water Well Filtration Systems Are Good?

Water Well and Water Treatment System: An Overview

Hole dug deep, Water Pump, Pressure Tanks or Pressure Tank

A well is an opening or "hole" driven into the ground to get close enough to an underground aquifer. Water is removed from the ground utilizing a pipeline and a pump. The pump utilizes a screen to filter undesired particles that could obstruct the line.

Besides, most aquifers comprise sand, sandstone, fractured rock, and gravel. Water travels through the enormous spaces between these materials and ultimately tracks down its direction to the surface, winding up in springs, streams, lakes, oceans, and seas.

Now, the question is, have you at any point pondered where well water comes from? How truly does well water function? In the event that you're going to move into a home with well water and need to figure out more about it, you're just in luck to have come across this article.

To initially begin, wells are holes penetrated into the ground to get to groundwater contained in aquifers. A line and pump pull the water out, while a filter system eliminates undesirable particulate and decontaminates the water.

As such, the well's profundity or depth relies upon the aquifer's deepness. Assuming you look underneath the outer layer of the scene, you will find a complicated combination of rock, gravel, sand, or better-grained material that makes up regions where water can be put away in pore spaces.

Ultimately, gravity makes water or melted snow drop down into the vacant in the middle of between the dirt or breaks in the stone. In the end, the water arrives at the soaked or saturated zone.

In the saturated zone, every one of the void spaces is totally loaded up with water; the water in the soaked zone is what we call groundwater. The geologic formations of rock or potentially soil that send and store groundwater are called aquifers.

1.1 Brief History of Well Water

The most established wells in the world were found in Cyprus and date back a long time. In recent events, dating to 600 BC, wells were found in China. It is straightforward that these simple wells seem to be those we use now.

However, they gave solid wellsprings of consumable water to rural and developing areas. Until the mid-nineteenth or 19th century, water wells were dug manually or by hand.

In 1808, the Ruffner Brothers created the primary mechanical well drill and effectively utilized it to get to the water at Great Buffalo Lick, West Virginia.

This development spread all through America yet was before long outmatched by the rotary drilling machines that went onto the scene years and years after the fact.

These machines permit individuals to bore quicker, yet they were additionally keeping up with the water uncontaminated as it came up through steel pipes. With the progression of innovation and refreshed drilling strategies, water wells have made it feasible for some networks to get to a wellspring of clean water.

Regardless of the tremendous number of organizations and supplies of civil water, water wells are as yet broad in suburban and rural areas.

1.2 The Origins (or Sources) of a Well System

As referenced, all well water comes from underground aquifers, underground layers of water-bearing porous or permeable rocks. Water enters aquifers as precipitation leaks through the dirt and reemerges through natural springs and wells. A portion of the water in springs winds up, shaping streams and lakes or advances toward our oceans and seas.

1.3 The Depth of Water Well

The depth of a well relies upon the profundity of the aquifer. When in doubt, your well ought to be somewhere around a hundred feet down, assuming you maintain that the water that arrives at your faucet should be adequately clean to drink.

Remember that a hundred feet ought to be the base depth. The further the well, the cleaner and better your water will be. More profound water is commonly plentiful in minerals and has fewer possibilities of contamination.

You ought to utilize a water filtration system before cooking or drinking it to eliminate any expected pollutants and debasements.

1.4 The Different Types of Water Well Systems

You might have three (3) types of well water systems on your property. Whether the water is safe to drink without filtering relies upon the sort of well you have.

Dug/Bored Wells

These shallow wells are dived into the ground with a digging tool - roughly ten (10) to thirty (30) feet down. To forestall breakdown, they are cased with brick, tiles, stones, or other heavy materials.

Notwithstanding, it tends to be contaminated because the water is drawn from an aquifer extremely near the surface. To involve water from a dug or bored well for cooking or drinking, you ought to one or the other boil or sanitize it with a water purifying system before consumption.

Driven Wells

These wells are more profound than dug/bored wells however are as yet not deep enough to give clean drinking water. At the very least, they have a depth of roughly thirty (30)to fifty (50) feet and are developed by driving a line into the ground. Water from these wells should be refined prior to drinking it.

Drilled Wells

The most profound kind of private wells, drilled wells, are made with percussion or rotary drilling machines. They can arrive at depths of thousands of feet and require proficient packaging installation.

Regardless of whether they are the most costly to make, water from these wells is already generally perfect for drinking without cleaning it. Since the water goes through various soil layers to the aquifer, it is likewise enhanced with solid minerals and micronutrients.

IMPORTANT NOTE: Water from penetrated wells should be tried before utilization to check its tainting level and whether it needs sanitization.

1.5 The Parts of a Well

A well comprises a few distinct parts. However, the most important materials are as follows:


It used to keep open access in the ground while keeping any interruption or spillage from the encompassing developments into the well. Black steel stirred or galvanized steel, PVC pipe, and concrete pipe are the most widely recognized packaging materials.

Gravel Pack

It keeps sand from entering the well or clogging up the screen and supports well assembly. The gravel pack circumvents the outside of the screen.


It is a sealant that makes up for shortcomings around the well's border. It keeps pollution from getting into the well. Concrete, bentonite, or cement can be utilized to make a grout mixture.


It keeps sand and gravel out of the borehole while giving groundwater and water from development access. Screens comprise different materials, the most well-known of which are stainless steel and opened PVC pipe. While boring wells in unconsolidated materials, a screen is used.

The Process of Well System

Plumbing system, Drilled wells, Water TestedWell, water is still consistent with the original idea in that well water comes straightforwardly from the beginning. To make a well, an opening or hole is dug in the ground, at times similar to a thousand feet underneath the surface.

Moreover, the well water's hole is held open by a line that arrives the entire way to the spring or aquifer, the source of the water.

Likewise, experts introduce a pump to convey the well water from the beginning of the pipes. Then, at that point, this siphon, fueled by an engine, pulls the well water from the spring and conveys it through the pipe's system, at last arriving at the home.

When the well water arrives at the house, it lives in the pressure tank, which then goes to your shower, kitchen faucet, and another faucet.

The process of a good system, from getting water from the well to your glass, is very basic. With the utilization of current pipes, a house with well water is getting water directly from the source, bringing about new water that has not experienced any broad sifting from the city.

Nonetheless, well water possibly has benefits in the event that it is observed and treated appropriately.

Watch this video to learn more.

1.1 Other Components of Well System

What makes present-day wells so advantageous is the innovative hardware that screens every one of the cycles. Here are a few different parts that you could have to be aware of.

Pressure tank

A fundamental tank stores the water siphoned from underground that you use over the course of the day. It's fitted with a pressure sensor that keeps up with ideal water tension in fixtures in your home.

These sensors additionally monitor the water level and actuate the siphon at whatever point the water level gets lower in the strain tank.

A water softener or water conditioner

Pressure tanks are frequently associated with water softeners since underground springs have high mineral fixations, mostly excessive magnesium, and calcium. The presence of these minerals brings about hard water

You can manage without a water softener; however, to work on your water's taste, safeguard your lines and machines, and keep your garments and hair delicate, you ought to think about a water softener in the event that you have hard water.

Filter and treatment plant

Once in a while, well water gets polluted with hydrogen sulfide gas or sulfur bacteria and scents like spoiled eggs. Water filters and treatment plants treat such contaminations. Individuals frequently utilize reverse osmosis plants, perforated, ion exchange, and activated charcoal filters.

Normally, water removed from underground isn't alright for drinking water and requires such channels.

1.2 Risks of Well Water Systems


Contamination is the main concern with regard to private well consumption. It's rare. However, there is a risk of bacteria present in the water. You can keep away from it by introducing a water filtration plant for drinking water or getting your sample tried.

Probably the most well-known impurities found in groundwater are microorganisms, infections, and parasites. The following are a couple of the most well-known:

E. coli

E. coli is a coliform bacteria that influence the stomach-related or digestive system and causes diarrhea to the bowels, sickness, and fever. It's not lethal, yet it can cause outrageous misery on the off chance that not treated as expected. Such a microorganism proposes the spillage of sewage or feces into the water streams.

E. coli is most normal in wells with a shallower depth. Comparative natural toxins incorporate giardia, cryptosporidium, rotavirus, and hepatitis A.


Arsenic is a regular poisonous component and the primary constituent of rock and soil underground. It's likewise present in industrial waste, which dirties natural resources.


Sulfur bacteria isn't extremely hurtful, yet it radiates a rotten egg smell that is very obnoxious. Appropriate upkeep and stun chlorination can keep these microorganisms from developing.


Nitrate is very perilous, particularly to babies. Concentrates on a show that nitrate-contaminated water can cause cyanosis (methemoglobinemia), a blood issue that could be lethal. In this way, in the event that you have children in your home, don't allow them to hydrate until it's appropriately tried and goes through the filtration plant.

Hard Water Supply

Not at all like city water that is pretreated when it arrives at your home, well water might contain extreme calcium and magnesium that make water hard. Hard water disturbs the skin, blurs garments, and can cause blockage of lines due to sediment buildup.

While drinking hard water isn't perilous and, in certain areas, gives minerals to occupants who, in any case, wouldn't get it, it's not generally charming to drink due to a perceivable metallic taste.

Many homes in the rustic region of the US use particle trade water conditioners to treat hard water.

Pros and Cons of Well Water

Pros of using well water:

High nutrients and minerals.

Well, water is regularly higher in supplements and minerals. Contrasted with city water, well water is fresher since it comes straightforwardly from the spring without going through a filtration cycle.

Before city water gets to your home, the water goes through a filtration interaction to kill parasites, microscopic organisms, infections, and microorganisms by utilizing chlorine and chloramine.

Well water is liberated from added substances or additives while keeping up with the healthy nutrients and minerals that are great for you.

No water charge.

You will not need to cover a water bill every month. Since the water coming into the house is exclusive, you won't be writing a monthly check to the city for water.

In any case, some upkeep and support are still associated with claiming a home with well water. However, it's anything but a month-to-month bill.

Assurance from contamination after natural disasters.

Well water is normally shielded from cataclysmic events that could bring about defilement. Cataclysmic events, particularly floods, can bring water pollution.

Grounds and foundations are moved, bringing about an unfortunate increment of impurities to the water. If a city is overwhelmed too vigorously, a bubble request will be given, and property holders shouldn't utilize their homes' water.

Fortunately, well water supplies are normally safe from cataclysmic events.

Cons of using well water:

Requires electricity to operate.

Well water is subject to power. Since well water is commonly pulled starting from the earliest stage of a pump, that siphon needs power from someplace. In this manner, the pump runs on power.

Thus, assuming that the power in your home goes out, the siphon will quit working, and that implies no water. In the event that you live in a house with well water, keeping one more method for power close by, similar to a generator or sunlight-based power, is savvy.

The Best Well Water Filtration System

Water Quality, Proper Well ConstructionThere are many kinds of well water filtration systems. Which type you pick depends upon the state of your water and what impurities you really want to be eliminated. That is why testing your water is fundamental before putting resources into a system.

These are the most widely recognized kinds of water filtration:

Sediment filters: These contain a plastic cartridge with fine pores.

Carbon charcoal filters: These sift water through layers of carbon, which retains numerous substance toxins.

Reverse osmosis filters: Water is constrained through a semi-porous film, eliminating most impurities.

Ultraviolet light filters: These immediate UV beams through approaching water, killing most microorganisms and microscopic organisms.

Water distillers: These frameworks bubble water, making steam that re-gathers into fluid, eliminating virtually all synthetic compounds and minerals.

You can also invest in Berkey Water Filters as one of your home's best well filtration systems. With Berkey Water Filters, you can rest assured that your water is safe to drink because it is a pack leader in water filtration that uses gravity to feed water through a gamut of "Black Berkey Elements."

Black Berkey® Elements dramatically reduce trihalomethanes, inorganic minerals, heavy metals, pharmaceuticals, pesticides, VOCs, petroleum products, perfluorinated chemicals, rust, silt, sediment, radiologicals, and more.

Black Berkey® Elements have been tested by accredited third-party labs that have reported that the elements meet ANSI/NSF (Std. 53) protocol, and address over 200+ typical contaminants found in drinking water sources.

If you wish to know more, give us a contact at  (888) 899-3903 and visit our website,, for more information.

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