There are many households in the United States that obtain their drinking water from a private well. That is a good thing especially since people are able to save money out of it, they no longer have to pay for a water to drink, just as long as the water well that they get is safe.
Private wells are not covered by the Environmental Protection Agency or EPA of the United States; they are the ones who set regulations to make sure that the water coming from the systems that is delivered to our home is really safe to drink. So this means there is really no guarantee that the water that you get from the private wells is actually safe.
Even though United States actually has one of the safest water supply in the world, the sources of the drinking water can still get affected and contaminated by a lot of things, like a naturally occurring mineral like arsenic or other kinds of chemicals, a malfunction in wastewater treatment system and the use of pesticide near the water source could also get the water contaminated. What’s bad about a contaminated well is that it could affect a lot of people from different households that rely on it for a drinking water.
Getting Private Wells Checked
The owners of the private wells are the ones responsible in making sure that the water from the well is not contaminated with anything, that it is really safe for consumption. This is why it was recommended that private wells need to be checked every year for presence of different kinds of problems, either with the cleanliness of the water, the presence of coliform, nitrates, bacteria and other contaminants or to look for a mechanical problem. The presence of harmful contaminants in the water could lead to a lot of health issues, like neurological problems, reproductive problems and gastrointestinal illness.
If you are an owner of a private well, then you can check with the local health department or with the professionals when it comes to water well systems to help you make sure that your well can still deliver water that is of good quality.
Well Water Testing
When testing for the quality of well water, there are several indicators and a list of contaminants that the tester looks for. The Water Quality Indicators or the WQI test will test and measure the presence of germs and other contaminants in the water. In most of the cases, the presence of these water quality indicators does not necessarily mean that your well water will cause sickness, but authorities test for them because it is easier to test their presence and because it can also indicate the presence of other disease causing bacteria and sewage that come from animal or human feces.
So when should you have your well tested for presence of contaminants or other problems? You have to check your well for to ensure that it does not have any mechanical problems every spring. You need to have it tested every once a year, like I mentioned above, for pH level, total dissolved solids, nitrates and for total coliform bacteria.
If you are suspecting that you well may have other contaminants, then you have to make sure and get a test for that as well. But you have to make sure that you have identified a potential problem since the testing will cost you money. Before getting your well tested, you can consult with a local expert first about the local water contaminants that should concern you.
Treatment of Well Water
If ever you find out that your well water is contaminated, then don’t worry that much because there are a lot of treatment options for that. But you have to bear in mind that there is not a single treatment option that will be able to address all kinds of problems. Water treatment is not only because of contaminants, some people just opt to treat their well water for it to have a better taste or because they want to take an extra precaution for the sake of the health of the people drinking from the well.
Here are some of the most common well water treatment options that you can use:
A Filtration System
A water filter is a device that you can use to remove many kinds of contaminants and impurities from your drinking water. A water filtration system could either use a chemical, a biological process or a physical barrier to filter your drinking water and make sure that it is safe to drink.
If you choose this as a method to treat your well water, then you will also have to choose from the many kinds of water filtration systems, find one that will suit you and your family’s needs. Some of the examples of a water filtration system are the under sink filtration system, a countertop water filter, faucet attached water filter and a lot more.
A water softener is also a sort of a device that is used to reduce the hardness or the amount of the minerals of the water. Usually, sodium or potassium ions are used to replace the calcium and the magnesium ion in the water because those are one perceived to create the hardness of the water.
A Distillation System
The distillation is a process where water with impurity is boiled, the steam is then collected and then condensed on a separate container, and this process will remove and then leave a lot of solid contaminants behind.
Disinfection could either be a physical or a chemical process, this is where the pathogenic microorganisms are killed or are deactivated. This is the process used by a lot of cities to clean their water supplies. The most common chemical disinfectants are ozone, chlorine dioxide and of course, chlorine. Some of the physical disinfectants that are used these days are heat, electronic radiation, and ultraviolet light.