How Sediments are Formed and the Different Kinds of Sediments Found in Water
May it be caused by natural floras of water found in seas, oceans, lakes, waterfalls and many more, or can be caused by human activities, that disrupts the natural state of water and creates turbidity thus forming sediments in water.
Sediment is a matter or substances that settle at the bottom of any liquid.
Mostly caused by human activities, like mining and agriculture, and man-made chemical and waste materials, various particles gets mixed up with water, and without interruption with waters natural state, these particles sometimes settles at the bottom.
Sediments, when deranged, are one of of the causes of turbidity in water.
Some of the particles are naturally found in any form of bodies of water, and are one of the sources of turbidity and sediments in water.
A few of the natural sediments are phytoplankton, dinoflagellates, cyanobacteria and many more, not to mention coliform bacteria that can be naturally found in soil and one of the common causes of gastrointestinal disturbances, and lastly, sand that is produced by dead coral reefs that was crushed to tiny pieces over a long period of time.
Aside from these natural floras, certain man-made chemical and waste materials can also be the cause of these sediments that, most of the time, are toxic to health.
Not only that, by the the time it reaches the public water treatment and goes to the process of chlorination, sediments are also present.
Chlorine, when combined with water is dissolved, however some chlorine settles at the bottom of water, forming sediments.
Also, sediments can be caused by iron from rusted water pipes, soil, microorganism and other substances seeping through the improperly operated and unmaintained water system.
Due to the fact that some of the water lines going directly to our home are sometimes rusted, broken or cracked, lead, copper and soil can seep through the water lines and combines with water that we use at home.
How sediments are removed and how safe should drinking water be?
Sediments are only formed without any disruption in water. Although these particles are naturally found in water, sediments can also be toxic especially when chemicals are used and had accumulated to a large amount and combines with water.
Chemicals such as aluminum sulphate, liquid chlorine, calcium hydroxide and poly-aluminum chloride are used as flocculating agents.
These flocculating agents’ helps by water filtration and purification through clumping the substances together found in water, they are also used in mining, agriculture, paper manufacturing and textile industries.
The resulting flocks or clumps produced after the chemical reaction can now be easily removed or filtered out of drinking water. There also are chemical reagents that have a different reaction when combined with water.
The reaction usually gives heat when moisture is present thus killing the microorganisms still found water after the filtration and chlorination process, such chemicals are ferric chloride, fluorosilicic acid, sodium flourosilicicate and sodium chloride that is also used in pharmaceutical, mostly in paper and textile manufacturing industries.
According to The Environmental Protection Agency in the United States of America, the ideal contaminant level in drinking water should be 1 NTU (Nephelometric Turbidty Unit). The unit of measurement used is for turbidity which is usually the cause of sediments present in drinking water.
A turbidity level higher than 5 NTU often has presence of disease-causing microorganisms such as viruses, parasites and bacteria that can cause gastrointestinal disturbances and psychological effects.
This agency enforced the standards for the safety of public and that the permissible contaminant level in water is achieved. This non-government agency also regulates those who operate certain water treatment system to follow these specific standards in purifying and filtering water before dispensing.
Though these are enforceable standards, doesn’t mean that slightly elevated levels will pose a great threat to the public. This is only to ensure that the contaminant in drinking water is controlled and would be potable and safe for the public to be consumed.
What are the effects of the toxic sediments found in drinking water to our health?
No matter how you view it, the point of the matter is, chemicals will always be dangerous and toxic.And if it is added in our drinking water, though the main purpose for that is to filter and purify water, it can be detrimental to health.
Since different chemicals are used to filter and purify water when consumed, especially in large amount, have adverse effects to our body that causes gastrointestinal disturbances like cramps, gas nausea and vomiting and sometimes causes diarrhea that leads to dehydration.
These toxic chemicals can also cause mental disability, depending on the toxicity level in the body that can lead to possible death.
How can we assure ourselves that our drinking water is safe from toxic sediments?
Since chlorination has always been the way to treat water, though it can be dissolved, it still leaves traces of sediments in water.
A derivative of sodium, chlorine can also cause grave diseases. Since drinking water goes through certain processes of filtration and purification which includes the use of chemicals as reagents, though potent enough, we cannot assure ourselves that it is safe to drink.
Sediments may no longer be present in our drinking water however chemicals had replaced those sediments.
Through study and research, scientists had discovered a certain way to filter drinking water without the slightest presence of sediments and can purify drinking water without the use of any toxic chemicals.
Scientists had tested and proven multiple filters and purifiers but one product exceeded them all.
Berkey not only filters disease-causing microorganism and sediments in drinking water but also purifies drinking water to its clearest state without the use of chemicals.
You can now have the assurance that both you and your family will be healthy and safe from these disease-causing microorganisms and toxic chemicals.